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The secret to flawless skin: all about pigmentation spots and how to treat them

The secret to flawless skin

Pigmentation spots are a common skin problem that affect many people at some point in their lives. They can occur for a variety of reasons and can have a significant impact on appearance and self-confidence. In this article, we explore the main types of pigmentation spots, the causes of their appearance and the treatment modalities available.

Types of pigmentation spots – from sun spots to PIH

There are several types of pigmentation spots, each with specific characteristics and distinct causes. Among the most common types are:

  • Lentigo Solar (Sun spots): These spots usually appear on sun-exposed skin, such as the face, hands and decolletage. They are brown or black in color and form due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
  • Melasma (Pregnancy spots): Melasma is characterized by brownish or grey-brown spots that appear mainly on the face. The main cause is sun exposure combined with hormonal changes such as those during pregnancy or taking oral contraceptives.
  • Freckles (Ephelidos): Freckles are small, brownish-colored spots that appear mainly on fair-skinned people. They are the result of genetic predisposition and sun exposure.
  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): These spots occur as a result of skin inflammation or injury, such as acne, eczema or wounds. PIH can range in color from pink to dark brown.

Treatment modalities – how to get rid of pigmentation spots?

There are several ways to treat pigmentation spots, from topical options to advanced dermatologic procedures.

Topical products

Creams and serums containing ingredients such as hydroquinone, retinoids, kojic acid and vitamin C are commonly used to reduce pigmentation spots. Hydroquinone is a powerful depigmenting agent that works by inhibiting tyrosinase, the enzyme responsible for melanin production. Retinoids, derivatives of vitamin A, accelerate cell turnover, helping to exfoliate the skin and reduce the appearance of dark spots. Kojic acid and vitamin C are antioxidants that, in addition to inhibiting melanin production, also have anti-inflammatory and brightening effects.

Dermatologic procedures

Chemical Peels: These involve applying chemical solutions, such as glycolic acid, salicylic acid or trichloroacetic acid, to the skin to exfoliate the superficial layers. Through this process, dead cells are removed and the renewed skin has a more even appearance. Chemical peels can vary in intensity from superficial to deep, depending on the severity of hyperpigmentation and skin type.

Light and laser therapy: These techniques use light to destroy pigmented cells and stimulate skin regeneration. Intense pulsed light therapy (IPL) is another method that can treat a variety of pigmentation problems by emitting pulses of light that are absorbed by melanin in the skin, thereby destroying the pigment.

Microdermabrasion: is a non-invasive procedure that involves mechanical exfoliation of the skin to remove the pigmented top layer. Microdermabrasion utilizes fine crystals or a diamond-tipped device to exfoliate the skin, thereby stimulating the production of new, healthy cells. This is an effective option for superficial blemishes and can be combined with other topical treatments for optimal results.

Sun protection

Daily use of a product with sun protection factor (SPF) is essential to prevent the formation of new pigmentation spots and to protect the results of your treatments. Continued exposure to UV radiation can worsen hyperpigmentation and reverse the benefits of dermatologic treatments. It is therefore recommended to use an SPF of at least 30, applied generously and reapplied every two hours or after sweating and swimming.

Pigmentation spots are a common aesthetic problem, but with a proper understanding of the types, causes and treatments available, they can be effectively managed. In addition, adequate sun protection and proper skin care play a crucial role in maintaining healthy, pigmentation blemish-free skin. Make an appointment at Deluxe Clinic if you have problems with pigmentation spots – we have the right solutions for you!

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