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Melasma – why does it occur and how can be treated?

melasma treatment

Melasma is a form of pigmentation occurring in the cheeks, cheekbones and forehead area, mainly affecting women aged 25 to 45. The pigmentation takes the form of brown patches that are difficult to camouflage even with make-up products, which is why melasma also affects women’s self-esteem. If you too are experiencing this form of pigmentation, you should make an appointment at Deluxe Clinic right now to get the right treatment and get your skin glowing again!

Why does melasma occur?

Melasma often has a hormonal cause. There is even a special form of melasma found among pregnant women who go through a series of hormonal changes during the 9 months of pregnancy. Fortunately, in most cases the pigmentation spots disappear after childbirth. In the rest of the cases, all sorts of facial treatments and procedures are needed to get rid of melasma.

Another cause of these spots is overexposure to the sun – ultraviolet radiation stimulates the production of melanin, and the excess is deposited on the skin, resulting in these unsightly brown spots.

Factors that can cause melasma include:

  • Genetic predisposition – no matter how hard you try to prevent these pigmentation spots, if there are many cases of melasma in your family, you are most likely to experience it yourself,
  • People with a dark skin phototype – people with dark hair and brown eyes, with skin that tans very easily, are much more likely to develop melasma,
  • Hormonal procedures and treatments – taking oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapies, thyroid conditions, etc.

How is melasma treated?

There are two types of treatments that can produce results when it comes to melasma – chemical peels and IPL therapy. Both have the ability to stimulate skin regeneration and restore its even appearance. Of course, results differ from person to person, just as treatments are tailored to the problems identified by the specialist.

At Deluxe Clinic, the first step in treating melasma is a consultation – a specialist assesses the condition of your skin, identifies pigmentation spots caused by excess melanin and suggests an appropriate treatment. A chemical peel may be enough, or you may also need a few sessions of IPL therapy. The number of sessions needed will also be determined at the first appointment, but may be adjusted during the course of the treatment depending on the results obtained.

Can melasma be prevented?

Yes, if we are talking about spots caused by prolonged exposure to the sun. The use of sun protection products is mandatory, especially in the hot season. If you have a history of melasma, your dermatologist may also prescribe products based on active substances with depigmentation properties, such as azelaic acid, retinoid or vitamin C, to prevent pigmentation spots from worsening. In the case of melasma with hormonal or genetic causes, unfortunately there is nothing more you can do to prevent the appearance of spots.

So, if pigmentation spots have affected your quality of life and self-esteem, all you need to do is schedule a visit to Deluxe Clinic. Together, we’ll identify the causes that have led to these spots and determine the right treatment that can restore your even, velvety skin!

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