Hyperpigmentation – causes and treatment options
1st March 2022
Hyperpigmentation of the skin is caused by an increase in the level of melanin, the substance in the body that provides color (pigment) to the skin. Hyperpigmentation affects both men and women, regardless of ethnicity and race. Although it occurs most commonly in middle-aged and older people, the condition can also occur in younger people.
Hyperpigmentation can be triggered by the following factors:
- sun exposure – when the sun hits the skin, melanocytes are stimulated to produce more melanin to absorb UV rays and protect the skin from overexposure to the sun,
- acne lesions, psoriasis, burns – in this case we are talking about inflammatory hyperpigmentation,
- hormonal changes – pregnancy or following treatment with contraceptives can cause large, dark, irregular patches to appear on the face, especially the cheekbones and forehead,
- Addison’s disease, Cushing’s disease or hyperthyroidism.
Treatment options for hyperpigmentation
In recent years various therapeutic approaches to hyperpigmentation have been developed. This development increases the likelihood of treating the condition even in difficult cases. There are several types of treatment. These include either topical application of different substances or other non-surgical procedures.
Microneedling is one of the most effective procedures in the fight against hyperpigmentation. The microneedling procedure restarts the skin’s cell regeneration process. The treatment helps the skin to heal naturally. There are no side effects and the results last a long time, especially if you use the maintenance products recommended by your doctor afterward.
This treatment involves applying an acid solution to the face, hands or feet to remove the surface layers of skin. These chemicals cause the epidermis to flake away to various depths and eventually reveal new, evenly pigmented skin underneath.
IPL therapy tends to be more precise because the dermatologist generally has more control over the intensity of treatment. This treatment involves targeting the affected areas with the light of certain wavelengths. Lighter treatments work on the superficial layer of the skin, while more intense treatments can penetrate the deeper layers of the skin.
Skin care products
Skin whitening creams containing hydroquinone used alone or in combination with retinoids and a mild steroid can help gradually remove spots over a few months. The use of sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher is mandatory in this case.
Dermabrasion and microdermabrasion
Dermabrasion consists of sanding the surface layer of the skin with a fast rotating brush. This procedure removes the surface of the epidermis and a new layer of skin grows in its place. The procedure may need to be repeated for best results. Temporary redness and crusting may occur following this treatment. Microdermabrasion is a less aggressive approach that leaves light spots on the skin. It takes a series of procedures over several months to achieve the full effect. For people with rosacea or small red veins on the face, this technique could do more damage.
Book an appointment at Deluxe Clinic to find the best treatment for hyperpigmentation! Our doctors will assess your skin condition and determine a personalized treatment based on your needs.