How dangerous are UV rays?

Uv Rays

We’re in the middle of the summer season, and one of the most talked about topics during this period is sun exposure itself. As tempting as it may be to spend as much time as possible at the beach in the hot season, it’s a good idea to take all the necessary protective measures against UV rays. Intense and prolonged exposure to UV rays has harmful effects on our bodies. But before we talk about how dangerous UV rays are, we should mention that there are actually 3 types of UV rays:

  • UVA: affects the DNA of skin cells and long-term exposure to such UV rays leads to skin ageing and wrinkles. These UVA rays are also the culprit in the development of certain types of skin cancer.
  • UVB rays are stronger than UVA rays because they can cause sunburn.
  • UVC: these are the strongest UV rays and fortunately do not affect our skin because they cannot penetrate the atmosphere.

UV rays – how dangerous are they?

Prolonged exposure to UV rays can have quite unpleasant effects – UVA rays are the type of rays that activate melanin (the pigment present in the top layer of the skin) and lead to a quick tan. However, when you stay in the sun longer than recommended, UV rays penetrate the skin and damage not only the top layer of the skin but also the connective tissues. The skin thus loses elasticity, premature skin ageing occurs and wrinkles appear. Prolonged exposure to UVA rays can also lead to hyper-pigmentation of the skin – if you find yourself in such a situation, we recommend that you schedule a visit to our clinic for appropriate treatment.

As already mentioned, UVB rays are more dangerous because they cause sunburn and increase the risk of skin cancer – specialists say that the high number of sunburns obtained over time increases the risk of skin cancer.

Are there any positive effects of UV rays?

Yes! As harmful as UVB rays can be, limited exposure stimulates melanin production and gives you a long-lasting tan. Melanin absorbs radiation and protects the skin from its negative effects. Once again we stress the importance of time in the sun – the less the better. Let’s not forget that exposure to UV rays causes our bodies to produce vitamin D, which is essential for the proper functioning of our bodies – 5-10 minutes of occasional sun exposure 3 times a week in the summer months is enough to keep vitamin D levels within healthy limits. Vitamin D also helps boost serotonin, so limited and controlled sun exposure helps you be happier too.

If you somehow end up with unsightly hyperpigmentation spots from UV exposure, don’t hesitate to contact us! Our specialists are here to analyse your condition and recommend a suitable treatment. Most of the time, the best hyperpigmentation treatment includes chemical peels and IPL therapy. Results can vary from person to person, depending on several factors. We look forward to seeing you at Deluxe Clinic for a treatment that suits your skin’s needs!

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