Acne: who gets and causes

July 18th, 2022
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Acne who gets and causes

Everyone knows at least one person who struggles with acne. You may have experienced pimples and high sebum production at some point in your teenage years, or you may even have signs of this problem on your skin. So, in this article we’ve decided to talk about this chronic inflammatory skin condition – what factors are behind its appearance, how you can prevent it and how you can treat it.

As a rule, acne most often occurs in young people (85% of teenagers experience acne), but that doesn’t mean it can’t affect people of all ages. There are women who experience acne during pregnancy or after giving birth, or people who experience emotional stress when their first pimples or blackheads appear in adulthood.

Why does acne occur?

Statistics show that acne is more common in men in their teens and more common in women in adulthood. Other studies say that cystic nodular acne (inflammation is so bad that it produces papules, pustules and nodules) occurs in people with lighter skin. One thing is certain: acne, especially long-lasting, treatment-resistant acne, ends up affecting quality of life and emotional state. Many people with acne reduce social activities as much as possible, experience anxiety or even depression.

Here are the main causes that lead to seborrhoeic dermatitis and subsequently acne:

  • Poor skin hygiene or skin type unsuitable (sensitive, irritation-prone skin requires more complex cleansing),
  • Vices – chronic alcoholism leads to acne,
  • Endocrine disorders leading to increased secretion of androgens or progesterone – polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperandrogenism, etc.,
  • Hormonal changes (onset of menstrual cycle, pregnancy, etc.)
  • Weakened immune system – acne is common in about 40% of HIV-positive patients and 80% of AIDS patients,
  • Stress, taking psychotropic drugs,
  • Various conditions such as Parkinson’s,
  • Diet – certain foods can aggravate acne (chocolate is a good example),
  • Genetics – if both your parents have suffered from acne, you will most likely also suffer from acne.

Stress is one of the most important factors that can lead to the appearance or even worsening of adult acne. Emotional stress is always accompanied by an increase in the release of free fatty acids in the skin and a worsening of acne. The relationship between the nervous, endocrine and immune systems in the skin is extremely strong and important because if one of these systems is affected, problems arise in the other two, as we have seen.

How do you treat acne successfully?

Unfortunately, acne, especially in its more severe form, does not have a cure that works wonders, but treatment must be tailored to the patient’s condition, the type of acne and the factors that caused the acne to appear or worsen. If you have tried acne treatments over the years without success, we welcome you to Deluxe Clinic to see what we can do for you. A specialist will assess your situation and recommend the right options (skin products for your skin type, IPL therapy, chemical peel, micro-needling, etc.). With patience and perseverance in following the treatment regimen, you will start to see results. Sometimes these results may appear immediately, sometimes after a longer period of time. Be patient with your skin, give it the pampering it needs – you’ll see that all the effort is worth it!

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